Believe it or not, Washington was a regular man who exhibited a growing urge to support the war effort and later discovered he had accomplished more than he had thought of doing. He was born on February 22, 1732 in Westmoreland County Virginia and was raised near a tobacco plantation. His father's death at Washington's age of eleven affected him deeply. Despite George's loss, he soon became closely connected to one of his brothers, a young man who influenced him more than anyone else. His half-brother, Lawrence, inspired young George and introduced him to different jobs in government, military commands, and the navy. When Lawrence moved away, Washington would visit him from time to time, and soon, the visits became more frequent and lasted longer until Washington officially moved in with his brother. Washington's young career began with surveying. Washington learned minor surveying skills with his brother who had received a majority of land granted to him after his father's death. After one plantation farmer had asked Washington to survey his land, more and more job offerings rolled in as Washington waited patiently. Surveying was satisfying as it allowed Washington to make the money he needed, but he did not want to spend the rest of his bright and meaningful life surveying land. Things progressed smoothly as Washington built a powerful bond and connection with Lawrence and the perspiration of surveying continued to pay off. As the years went on, the siblings discovered that Lawrence contracted a case of tuberculosis, a disease that affects the tissues in the body, especially the lungs. Things got worse and worse for Lawrence until one day, his coughing grew so unbearable, he passed away. Washington felt sorrowful for his brother's death, but moved on to the government to start a new career and follow his brother's footsteps by supporting the war effort.
Role in The French and Indian War
The French and English had already engaged in three battles in North America not long after Washington had turned sixteen. A dispute had emerged between the two nations regarding who owned the Ohio River Valley. It seemed that war was the only way to settle the controversy. Before engaging in a battle that would cause countless losses between both sides, Virginia's Governor, Robert Dinwiddie, sent Washington to give the French a stern warning to stay out of the Ohio River Valley and instructed him to travel around to the French forts in the forks of the Ohio. Washington thus traveled a thousand miles in the winter and gave outstanding reports that well pleased the Virginia Assembly. As a result, Governor Dinwiddie formed a group of colonists to serve in the Virginia Regiment, also promoting Washington to lieutenant of the regiment. Traveling with his main force of troops, Washington brought along warriors and Indian chiefs with them to try to form alliances. Both sides were determined to develop more war support and strengthen Indian alliances, which were critical to the war. However, Indians were not easily convinced. They all wanted to be on the winning side, so as to be rewarded with parts of the Ohio Valley. However, the French threatened the English to leave the Ohio River Valley. Of course, this threat did not impact Washington's efforts. Although the French and English were still peaceful with each other, they were both in dangerous positions; one single bullet could erupt between the two nations and cause unbearable destruction for both sides. There was no doubt this bullet would be Washington's and it did indeed set the world on fire by starting the French and Indian War.
One of Washington's most distinguished blunders involved the defeat of Fort Necessity in the beginning of the French and Indian War. He had mistakenly misjudged the location and underestimated the outcome of the conflict over control of the fort. One scout from a nearby area had soon warned Washington that thousands of French troops were traveling toward the fort. Caught in a trench, Washington had no choice but to hold his ground and quickly order and set up his troops for battle. The Indians saw this as a chance to switch sides while Washington was caught up in a large file of orders and commotion. The French had soon arrived fighting Indian style, while the British lay in the open confused and awestruck. The battle was a catastrophe, as the French took the advantage of the disoriented British and battled with titanic force. The losses to the British were fatal while the French experienced only minor losses. Washington and the remaining troops were forced to retreat. As a result, all Indian tribes, with the exception of the Iroquois, made alliances with the French.
The Battle For Fort Duquesne
Washington reduced his war efforts for a brief amount of time, but one day, a ranking British officer requested for Washington to aid him in an attempt to capture Fort Duquesne, a major fort of the French overlooking the Ohio River Valley. Along with the British general Braddock, Washington led several thousand troops to fort Duquesne where another hardship and defeat had settled amongst the British troops. The major defeat started while the British were marching to fort Duquesne and were surprised when they marched directly into the French troops. With both sides caught off guard, the British panicked, some retreated, some fought Indian style, while others mistakenly shot each other like scattered children. Taking advantage of the astonished British troops, the French easily generated a major defeat against the British especially since they expected a much more competitive battle. Braddock was shot in the beginning of the battle and died on the trip back; the feeling of defeat accumulated upon the weary and defeated soldiers. Braddock's capture attempt became known as a disastrous one.
Washington requested more troops and more supplies from governor Dinwiddie, but would not receive as much as he wanted. Another attempt at capturing fort Duquesne was led by a British general named Forbes, who led an army of specialized, war strengthened troops. Forbes insisted that Washington accompany him and combine his troops into the army; of course Washington accepted. The first debate to settle was whether they could consider using a route different from that used by general Braddock. The route general Braddock had taken was a well known Indian trail that the French could easily ambush and identify. After many debates and discussion it was decided that the British force would take a route westward toward Fort Duquesne. It was a mission that risked great losses, but would break the blockade that held up all supplies and would allow support to reach the British naval forces. That day, the British were permitted to fight Indian style by sniping from behind rocks and using tactics and strategies of their own. Having employed more effective tactics, the British were able to gain a resounding triumph over the French at Fort Duquesne. The victory of fort Duquesne was the main cause and source of succeeding in the war. British naval forces and supplies were no longer blockaded. They supplied more troops and forces to overrun the French and grasp the victory and pride they needed to fuel themselves with hope. In 1763 the French signed the treaty of Paris granting most of the French lands in North America to the British. Washington still felt somewhat dejected.. He had engaged in a five year military service commission and had not achieved a commission in service of King George the second. On 1758, Washington resigned his command and returned to his plantation life. Building the Revolution
Washington continued his life as a Virginian tobacco plantation owner and married Martha Washington in 1759. He would work, filing and writing letters and papers while reading many books and newspapers. He resumed a peaceful life, but soon he found another way to support the war effort. The British parliament had created and raised taxes in order to pay off the costs of the French and Indian War. They emphasized how they had protected the colonies from the French and needed a fee for their protection. Tension had risen between both sides. The Stamp Acts, Tea Acts, Intolerable Acts, and Townsend Acts were boycotted by a majority of the colonies and forced to be repealed by the British parliament. Of course, the British sent 12,000 troops to the colonies so as to keep and maintain order. The First Continental Congress, a convention of delegates from the colonies that included Washington, was convened in order to discuss how to settle the controversy peacefully and to send a petition to King George the third.
The first battle in the Revolutionary War started with Lexington and Concord. Ammunition and supplies of weapons supplies were sent along to Lexington where British forces were sent to crush the rebellion, and supplies were later moved to Concord. This action of supplement was arranged by the Middle Colonies, but if colonies were going to engage in an all-out war with the strongest naval force in the world, they would need as much support as they could get. The Second Continental Congress was held soon after the battle of Bunker Hill and there representatives discussed support from the southern colonies and New England colonies. As a result, all colonies had formed a militia for protection and delegates had voted Washington unanimously as commander- in-chief of all American military forces.
Washington attended mostly to the main action where, in the beginning of the war, he led his forces to a favorable outcome in the Siege of Boston. King George the third did not take this as a defeat, but a setback. He stationed several thousand troops that took over New York City and most of New Jersey. Stationed in New Jersey, Washington clasped the advantage of the holidays and attacked thousands of British and Hessian troops, catching them off guard and securing the victories of Trenton and Valley Forge; later he was able to convince the French army to support the American Revolution. Washington detached sections of his army in order to help battle the raids in Virginia led by the British general Benedict Arnold. The arrival of Lord Cornwallis in Virginia enabled Washington to strike a knockout blow; therefore, he traveled south to battle Cornwallis face to face. With a cooperative French naval force, the Chesapeake Bay was successfully controlled by American forces and Cornwallis was entrapped in the vicinity by pride filled American and French soldiers fighting for freedom. Lord Cornwallis surrendered in the siege of Yorktown, ending the Revolutionary War. In 1883 the Treaty of Paris was signed, granting the colonies their freedom and independence. As a result of a bankrupt congress and unpaid soldiers, the continental army formally broke apart and Washington resigned his command in 1883. Presidency
Washington's major contributions in his presidency included his key establishment of the Judicial and executive branches of the federal government. He took office as the first President of the United States in 1889. As a result, he structured a base for the country, and once he had left, other people could more effectively control the nation. He served two terms and rejected a third, establishing an amendment stating only two terms could be served in the presidency.
Washington retired from 1797 to 1799 and returned to business and plantation managing. In 1799, Washington became fairly ill and passed away leaving the whole world mourning his death. He was buried in Mount Vernon and people built a monument in remembrance of him. Today, he is fondly remembered as the Father of our Country.