Since the beginning of the Modern World, humans have relied on fossil fuels to generate power for our society. Nearly everything that uses power is generated from fossil fuels; cars, ships, planes, electricity, and fire. Petroleum, hydrocarbons, natural gases, and coal are what’s used in everyday life. What we don’t know or ignore are the flaws of using fossil fuels. Fossil fuels have a negative effect on the environment, economy, and agriculture; so we need to resort to a cleaner source of energy.
Fossil Fuels were ever since buried deep in the ground only to be dug up, processed, then used.
The effect it mostly has is the remnants of used oil, and coal; the abundant amount of Co2. Co2 is the leading greenhouse gas that traps heat which in turn raises the Earth’s temperature. Trees, Animals, and we have to adapt. Many trees that can’t adapt will soon perish along with fish. The ocean absorbs most of the CO2 because of all the coral and algae which will raise its temperature usually killing the base of the food chain; the plankton. If all the plankton die, the base of the pyramid will disappear leading to the extinction of other fish that rely on the base of the food chain. In addition to the fish, the plants in the oceans can’t withstand the increased amount of heated Co2 making them also perish with the fish. The increasing temperatures may lead to the melting of polar ice caps in the Arctic and down below in Antarctica. This will lead to the extreme rising of ocean levels which will flood many coastal cities and bays such as London, Santa Monica, and New York. The vast amount of water will destroy billions of dollars in property and lives. Moreover, if the water persists in these coastal lands, the soil and ground will soon erode to increase the oceans’ size. Not many cities have a higher elevation than sea level outside of coastal cities.
One benefactor adding to the crisis is the removal and delivery of these fuels. Far too often you would hear on the news about an oil tanker run ashore or a rig blowing up. These not only affect the life and environment around it, but add billions of more dollars to America’s undeniable debt. Not far into the Aleutian chain of land as well as other regions such as Arabia and remote desert regions are chains of oil rigs and extracting pipes. These pipes are able to carry millions of gallons per day where they are then loaded onto oil tankers and train cars to be delivered to processing plants. The operation behind all the oil is extremely dangerous because of the Earth’s infrequency including blizzards, earthquakes, tsunamis, underwater volcanic activity, and basic fog. An unknown but dangerous factor is terrorism. Terrorism is included because tankers and rigs are large bulky objects easy to spot and are easily tampered with making these the excellent target for a rookie terrorist. All these factors contribute to a higher failure rate as if the plate tectonics shift and the oil rig is shifted sideways where oil is able to escape in visible cracks or a missile hits a tanker. All these usually end up in oil running amuck harming every single piece of life they could possibly reach.
The problem with national security has come into high concerns within the past few years. The U.S alone isn't able to survive alone with our large oil consumption. To solve that problem, we get more oil from countries like Saudi Arabia and Venezuela. This is risky because they are countries that have or are near extreme terrorist activities. The problem with this is that the U.S has poor political relations with these countries so when we purchase oil from them, we are basically funding their weapons program to sabotage our nation's infrastructure. Even countries that don't provide our oil like North Korea can figure of our oil crisis and attack like the Iranians and Iraqi's. In addition to that, the tendency for oil supplying countries to shut down all foreign relations is high so if they do, we might as well resort to the caveman's way of life.
An debated alternative to fossil fuels includes the processing of uranium and other elements into nuclear energy. This is a much cleaner source of energy but there is always a flaw to this. After the uranium and other elements like plutonium have been processed and harvested of their power, they will be leftover as waste. However though, it’s not ordinary waste that you can throw into a garbage can, it’s spent nuclear fuel that must be kept in contained storage plants in remote areas where people aren’t around. Also, to deliver the nuclear fuel, you would need to use boats, planes, and trains that use fossil fuels, the exact thing we’re trying not to use. The greatest fault of this idea is the risk behind it; the processing, containing, and harvesting. If one were to fail, we may have another Chernobyl like incident poisoning tens of thousands of people and land. This risk does include terrorists planning to devastate regions for vengeance or revenge. If the nuclear particles were to escape, the environment would backfire on us and carry these particles through rain, wind, and water. We may also resort to hydrogen power with a less dangerous waste, water. What would need to be done to generate power is to spark a hydrogen atom to create an energy bang; which in result would combine with oxygen to create water. However though, the bang of the hydrogen atom isn’t predictable so if the bang was large enough, it would send the hydrogen tank shooting out like an unguided missile. Both these, as well as some other energy alternatives would have just as bad an end as fossil fuels.
One day, we humans will be forced to seek alternatives when all our fuel has been used. But luckily by then, we may have developed enough to discover new potentials for clean energy that’s renewable and cheap. We don’t have to live under the tyranny of decayed bones and minerals. We must change to protect the environment and our wallets. Gas companies can’t fuel everyone at one time.