However, before we discuss about black holes, you need to know how they’re formed. Let’s start with a star, but not any star, though. One that’s at least ten times our own sun. Sit back and relax, for it'll take millions of years before it dies and explodes into a supernova. The remaining bits of the star shrink down and the radius of the star decreases drastically. What’s left matter with unimaginable mass. Because the mass is so great, gravity causes what remains of the star to collapse. Long story short, black holes form after a giant star explodes.
To know about black holes, you’d have to know they are there because they are normally invisible. Scientist aren’t able to observe black holes without it being around stars, tearing them apart. When black holes react with the environment around them, the mass that interacts with the black hole emits light rays, gamma-rays, and x-rays. These rays are then observed by special telescopes.
There are three types of black holes, stellar, supermassive, and miniature. First, there are the miniature black holes. These are the really small, the size of an atomic particle. But don’t let the size fool you, they have as much mass as large mountains. Scientist believe they formed in the beginning during the Big Bang. Stellar black holes are the small ones, and their mass is a few times our sun. Last but not least are the supermassive black holes. Having masses 105-1010 our sun. Supermassive black holes were able to achieve these great masses since they are surrounded by a lot of matter. There’s a supermassive black hole in the center of the Milky Way Galaxy.
Black holes have the same amount of gravity as something equivalent of its mass. A black hole the size of the sun wouldn't suck in the Earth and shred everything apart. But, if you were to stupidly pass the event horizon, the point where gravity is too strong to return, what would happen? You look around the black hole’s surrounding. Everything is distorted, for the black hole is bending the light of the stars. As you fall in, you move faster and faster. The acceleration is greater the smaller the black hole. Small black holes can tear you apart before you even pass the event horizon, and. Anyway, your feet are closer to the black hole, and are being affected stronger, so the result is you get stretched. This is called tidal force. Actually, it’s so intense; you can’t really call it being “stretched”. Let’s call it what scientists do, “spaghettification”. By now, I’m sorry to say you are dead. All your molecules are stretched and ripped apart, so you’re dead. But what happens next? What remains of you travels to the singularity, the center of the black hole, a point of infinitely denseness, and light sucking gravitational pull. However, what’s after that? Nothing but theories. Wormhole? Do you disappear? The question still remains to be answered. To sum it up, you get stretched and ripped and ultimately die.
We know that black holes suck things up, but what if it met another black hole? No, you don’t end up with a paradox. There are two outcomes as of now. They could recoil off of each other, or they could merge together. It all depends on angle, speed of spin, and size of the black holes.
Like all things, an end will come. Yes, black holes aren’t immortal. Even a thing that ends the lives of other things will die, discovered by everyone’s favorite physicist, Stephen Hawking. Hawking Radiation, or radiation released by a black hole, causes it to shrink. In the end, the black hole doesn’t care. At the rate it’s losing its mass, a black hole with the mass of our sun will live an uncountable and unimaginable number of years. If you want the numbers, multiply a billion by a billion. Do it again, and again. One more time now, and you have the years it’ll take for the black hole to evaporate. Enjoy your countdown.
I’m afraid to tell you this is it. But nevertheless, you probably learned something today, unless you are an astronomer or something. For instance, you learned about how black holes are formed and spotted. You learned what’s it’s like to fall in one, and when they collide. Finally you learned about their deaths. Now you can go be that one guy who talks about miscellaneous things and no one likes. And please, steer away black holes, you don’t want fall in one.
“When Scientists have discovered a new type of energetic force referenced in essence to Carnot engines, they will be able to determine the ultimate mass of entropy in the universe.”